How Is HIV Spread?

Being Careful and Protecting Yourself

HIV is most commonly transmitted through sexual contact, as well as through sharing a needle and syringe use. Less common ways to contract the disease include pregnancy, birth, breast feeding, oral sex, and blood transfusions. While some of these are rare, it is important to protect yourself during those times.

These acts transfer certain fluids containing the virus from one individual to another. Fluids such as pre-seminal fluid (pre-cum), semen (cum), blood, rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, and breast milk can spread the disease. Other fluids such as sweat and saliva will not transmit HIV.

Protecting yourself from HIV requires being proactive and responsible. Practicing safe sex will significantly reduce your chances of contracting the disease. This can be achieved through the use of condoms, antiretroviral therapies or pre-exposure prophylaxis, and by reducing your number of sexual partners.

Another important factor is to get tested frequently. Knowing your condition will help you know what your next step is. Dr. McMeeking is an HIV specialist. He can offer complete checkup and assessments, as well as blood testing for patients who wish to know their status.

The Progression of HIV